First edition. 46 pp text.
Philadelphia: Augustus S. Mitchell, 1846. The large folding map is approximately 22-1/2 x 21 inches in size, engraved and hand coloured.
16mo when folded, housed in original green cloth covers, stamped and embosssed in blind, lettered in gilt. With expert restoration to spine of covers, map expertly pH treated and lined with Japanese tissue (gampi). Rarely seen in this fine condition where the entire map can be opened without any cracks and only one small corner fold with very minor loss of paper (less than 1/8 inch).
The map shows in detail the western portion of the U.S. to the Pacific, with the Indian Territory, Missouri Territory, Iowa, and portions of the states of Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Wisconsin as well as northern Mexico and part of British Columbia, illustrating in detail the trans-Mississippi region at a time when war was imminent with Mexico.
Great attention has been given to Texas and shows as its southern border the Rio Grande. Both the Santa Fe and the Oregon Trails are detailed and have a table of distances printed in the lower corner of the map. Oregon is shown as extending to 54° 40 minutes.
The map is issued with the Accompaniment to Mitchell's New Map of Texas, Oregon, and California, with the Regions Adjoining. As noted in the Accompaniment, "Texas has recently become part of the United States, and California is simply, ""Upper California. This part of Mexico was declared independent in 1845. It has of late attracted much attention in the United States; a number of Americans are already settled in it, and many others are preparing to emigrate thither.."" Regarding Oregon, the Accompaniment declares that ""the United States have an indubitable claim to the whole region of Oregon, from N. latitude 42° to 54° 40', yet the government has several times proposed, from motives of accommodation, to adopt the 49th parallel of latitude as the dividing line.."" . Wheat describes the map: ""In the Upper California portion, Fremont is carefully followed, while further north Wilkes is followed. The boundary (to be) with Mexico is imperfectly shown but Texas appears with the magnified boundaries, including Santa Fe, of the 1844 Emory. The various claims to Oregon appear. The Accompaniment is of particular interest, containing perhaps the clearest statement of Oregon and California facts that came out of the period just prior to settlement of the former's boundaries and inclusion of the latter in the United States.""
The text describes each state and territory in turn and references early explorers as well as Lewis and Clark, and historical persons and events. In the advertisements at the end of the text, Mitchell declares: "This Map represents that part of North American which extends from lat. 26 to lat. 56 N., and from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean. It includes the State of Texas, Oregon as claimed by the United States, and the whole of Upper California, together with the adjoining regions of the State and Territory of Iowa, the Missouri Territory, the Indian Territory, and a considerable portion of Mexico and Old California, and some part of British America."
With a 1925 facsimile of text and map published by the North Pacific Bank Noe Company in Tacoma, Washington, and with an essay on the history and importance of the map by W. P. Bonney, Secretary of the Washington State Historical Society. Same size as original, excellent. [Graff 2841. Howes M685. Martin & Martin 36. Wagner-Camp 122b. Cowan p. 433. Wheat Transmississippi 520. PhillipsMaps p. 844. Wheat Gold Regions 29].